While cooking, sauces make an important addition. These are available in liquid, cream or semi-solid state and they are used for preparing and serving the food items because they add a unique taste and flavor to the dish they are served with. Moreover, they also add moisture and a visual appeal to the dish. The word sauce is basically a French word and on the records, the oldest sauce is garum, which is a fish sauce that was used by the Ancient Greeks. Sauces make an essential element for dishes in all the cuisines that are served around the world. Apart from adding a salty flavor to the dish, sauces are also used for savory dishes or for desserts.
There are many different methods for preparing a sauce, the ingredients vary with the purpose of it. Some of the popular sauces are mayonnaise, apple sauce, Worcestershire sauce, HP sauce, soy sauce or ketchup, salad dressing, and pan sauces. The specialist of making sauces is a saucier. According to the historical notes, the use of sauces in French cuisine dates back to the Middle Ages and in that period also, there were hundreds of different types of sauces that were used for the culinary requirements. Many sauces are made from tomato, vegetables and other spices. The various types of sauces are Chutney, dip, peanut sauce, salsa, salad dressing, sambal, saucery and many more.