Achkan is basically a clothing preferred by the Punjabi men in North India. It is a three-quarter knee length coat, jacket or tunic for men. It is also famous in Pakistan and is similar to a Sherwani. The dress addresses the historical information of the dynasties that ruled over Indian subcontinent and it being used as apparel has seen a decline in the past few decades. The dress is generally preferred to be worn weddings or festivals like that of Lohri or Baisakhi by the Punjabis.
Achkan was originally worn as a symbol for the courtesans, the nobles and the royals of the princely states in India. As mentioned, it was and is still adopted as the very dress for the groom in wedding ceremonies in many castes and communities like that of the Sikhs, the Maratha and the Rajputs. Later, it was adopted by the other communities and common people for general use in the late eighteenth century.
Achkan is generally made from finer fabrics and lighter materials of clothing which readily distinguishes it from a Sherwani. Moreover, the Achkan possesses a single pocket on the left, whereas a Sherwani can have two on each side. The clothing has manifested the roots of Indian history in the present. It stands as a ritualistic dress and completes one's wardrobe.